A Complete account of Lego Mindstorms

A Complete account of Lego Mindstorms

Lego Mindstorms is a series of kits that contain a package of hardware and software to create programmable as well as customizable robots. These kits include a smart brick computer that can control the system, a set of motors and modular sensors and a number of Lego parts to create mechanical systems. Mindstorms Robotics kits are generally sold as educational tools and are sold through a partnership between MIT Media laboratory and Lego. These specific versions are generally known as “Lego Mindstorms for Schools”. These educations tools are GUI-based coding software. Today we’ll go through a detailed account of Lego Mindstorms series like what programming languages are supported by Legos including other 3rd party languages, the various specific Lego kits available in the market and so on.


Programming Interface

Programming a Lego Mindstorms system is generally done through a command based programming language. Implementation of actual code is generally not involved. This means that the programs are written through dragging and dropping various relevant command snippets in a suitable position. Hence, the programming interface is very much user-friendly and is perfectly suitable for beginners to pursue their interest in STEM education involving robotics, coding etc.

Supported Programming languages

Lego-supplied programming languages:

  • RCX Code (It comes with the consumer version),
  • ROBOLAB (This programming language is an add-on for LabView. Detailed instructions of installation and download can be found here).

Some 3rd party languages supported by Legos are:

  • NXC (Not eXactly C, a C-like programming language that’s open-sourced),
  • NQC (Not Quite C),
  • leJOS: A Java Port,
  • RoboMind: Educational programming language for Lego robots,
  • ROBOTC: A C-based programming language tailor-made for robotics,
  • Simulink: A control-designing as well as graphical signal-processing tool,
  • Visual Basic,


Poplular LEGO MIndstorms Kits

Lego Mindstorms NXT

It’s a programmable Lego robotics kit that was released in 2006. This robotics kit replaced the 1st generation LEGO kits. The kit has a total of 577 Lego pieces and also includes 4 sensors (Sound, Touch, Ultrasonic, Light), 3 servomotors, 7 connecting cables, USB cable and the NXT Brick. The NXT brick is deemed the virtual “brain” of the Lego Mindstorms system. This brick enables the robot to perform various other operations autonomously. The kit supports a graphical programmable environment which enables the users to create and download programs to NXT.  You can go thorugh the detailed specifications here.

Lego Mindstorms NXT Educational Version

As the name suggest, this version of Lego Mindstorms is used for educational purposes and is tailor-made specifically for students or beginners who want to pursue their interests in robotics. The software doesn’t come with the pack and is sold separately. The kit consists of an ultrasonic sensor, a light sensor, a sound sensor, 3 lamps and 2 touch sensors. The 1st set contains roughly 400 pieces. The extra education resource set contains roughly 600 pieces. This educational version is perfectly compatible with older versions. 3 converter cables that come with this set make that possible. The detailed specifications can be found here.

Lego Mindstorms NXT 2.0

This kit was launched by Lego in 2009. This kit consists of 619 pieces including sensors as well as motors. This kit also contains 2 touch sensors, a Color sensor and an Ultrasonic sensor. The detailed specifications of this kit can be found here.

Lego Mindstorms EV3

This is the 3rd generation Lego Mindstorms kit. EV3’s a further developed version of NXT. This kit was released in 2013. The kit includes motors, sensors, EV3 programming brick, more than 550 Lego blocks and IR (Infra-red) remote control. The Lego Mindstorms EV3 can be controlled through smart devices. A number of intricate robots can be made through this kit. We’ll mention some notable ones and will also show you some that can be made by beginners with a little help from experts. The user manuals can also help them out. There are countless step-by-step building instructions available on the internet that can be also referred upon. Some of the notable robots made with the use of Lego Mindstorms EV3 are:

  • Braigo: It’s a type of robotic Braille embosser (printer).
  • CubeStormer III: It’s a robot that can solve a Rubik’s cube and it has a world record of being the fastest Rubik’s cube solving robot.
  • BrickPi bookreader

BrickPi bookreader

Image courtesy - Wikipedia.org

You can go through this article to know about some simple, yet intricate robots that can be made from Lego Mindstorms EV3.

Lego Mindstorms kits are the perfect tool for children to pursue their interest in robotics and coding. These after-school activities impart an effective and gratifying STEM education. Certain after-school robotics tutorials are also beneficial to children for an effective robotics education. Lego Mindstorms kits can definitely be considered one of the best robotics kits available in the market for adopting the maker culture. So get a Lego Mindstorms kit and start building your dream robot. Unleash your imagination. We wish you the best of luck from our ends.


Futurite aims to bring high quality STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) education to school students in India. Our mission is to use cutting-edge technologies such as Robotics and 3D Printing to impart a thorough grounding in STEM subjects and concepts to school students while making their learning experience fun, engaging and hands-on. Futurite has been operating in Dubai successfully (as Premier Genie) since a number of years, working with over 25 of the top international schools and teaching 1000+ students. Futurite has been founded by alumni from IIT, IIM, JU and HEC Paris.

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